Cancer on the Rise: National Cancer Registry 2012-16

Cancer cases in Malaysia have been increasing for the past 10 years, and it remains the second highest cause of death, based on the Malaysia National Cancer Registry Report (MNCRR) 2012-2016.
Health Director General Datuk Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah said cancer cases in the country had increased to 115,238 from 2012 to 2016, compared to 103,507 from 2007 to 2011.
“In 2018, cancer took 9.6 million lives worldwide, with 16,000 lives in Malaysia alone.”
He said 86 out of every 100,000 males and 102 out of every 100,000 females had cancer.
For the period 2012-2016, 10 types of cancer were detected among Malaysians. They were breast, colorectal, lung, lymphoma, nasopharynx, leukemia, prostate, liver, cervical and ovarian cancers.
It was discovered that men were mostly affected by lung and prostate cancer, while women are most affected by breast, colorectal and cervical cancer.
Meanwhile, the types of cancer usually detected among children aged 0 to 14 were leukemia and spinal cord cancer, while youngsters between the age of 15 and 24 were prone to lymphoma.
The rate of cervical cancer, however, is seeing a downward trend from eight to six cases for every 100,000 females in the country, and this is probably due to awareness campaigns involving early detection such as pap smear, according to the report.
“Nevertheless, there is a significant increase in breast and colorectal cancers.”
Dr Noor Hisham said analysis based on ethnicity found that the Chinese were more prone to cancer than the Malays and Indians.
For every 100,000 Chinese population, it was found that 106 men and 117 women had cancer.
However, if compared (this report) to the previous one, there is a downward trend in regard to cancer cases related to the Chinese and Indians, while it is increasing among the Malays.
“Late cases where there was only detection at the third and fourth stages is also increasing from 58.7 per cent from 2007 to 2011, to 63.7 per cent from 2012 to 2016,” he said.

/NST 03-01-2020

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